The Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is one of the greatest engineering marvels of all time, uniting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in an 80 kilometer long waterway cut through one of narrowest saddles of the isthmus that joins North and South America.

The entire Panama Canal, the areas surrounding it, and the remaining military bases from when the US managed its operations since its opening in 1914, were transferred to Panama by the end of 1999. 

Here's time-lapse footage of a ship making the crossing through the Canal:

Making medical history

William Crawford Gorgas

On June 28, 1904, Dr. William Crawford Gorgas, nurse Marie Eugenie Hibbard and a few others arrived in the city of Colon as the advance medical team for the construction of the Panama Canal.   Another physician, Dr. Manuel Amador Guerrero, Panama’s first President, wanted to impose certain health standards around the country and within the Canal’s construction, so he granted Gorgas and his staff sufficient powers outside the just-created Canal Zone to make a legendary sanitary revolution possible.

Clean water systems and sanitary sewers were installed, muddy city streets were paved, garbage started to be systematically collected and mosquito breeding areas were drained or covered with oil. By 1905, the dreaded yellow fever had been eliminated from Panama. Clearly, Americans had left their first and most famous imprint on Panamanian health and medical practices. 

By August 15, 1914 the Panama Canal was officially opened by the passing of the SS Ancón. At the time, no single effort in American history had exacted such a price in dollars or in human life. The American expenses from 1904 to 1914 totaled $352 million, far more than the cost of anything built by the United States Government up to that time.

Together the French and American expenditures while building the Canal totaled $639 million. It took 34 years from the initial effort in 1880 to finally open the Canal in 1914.

It is estimated that over 80,000 people took part in the construction, and that over 30,000 lives were lost in both French and American efforts.

The SS Kroonland crossing the Panama Canal, February 1915

 

The expansion project

Tras un intensivo programa de construcción (2009-2016), las esclusas de Cocolí y Agua Clara añadieron a la operación del Canal de Panamá, un tercer carril para el tránsito de buques neopanamax.

Desde su inauguración el 26 de junio del 2016, el Canal Ampliado no solo superó las expectativas de tránsito, sino que también reafirma su liderazgo ambiental en la industria marítima, priorizando el ahorro de agua y contribuyendo a la reducción de CO2 gracias a las menores distancias de viaje y a las mayor capacidad de carga que ofrece a sus clientes.

Panamá celebra 20 años de la transferencia del Canal con izada de la bandera

Con la izada de la bandera nacional por parte del presidente de la República, Laurentino Cortizo, en el Edificio de la Administración, Panamá celebró hoy los 20 años de transferencia del Canal, durante los cuales la vía interoceánica ha contribuido al crecimiento y desarrollo del país.

El presidente Cortizo izó la bandera en la parte exterior del Edificio de la Administración del Canal, justo en el mismo sitio donde hace 20 años tuvo lugar el traspaso de la vía interoceánica de Estados Unidos a manos panameñas.        Al mediodía del 31 de diciembre de 1999, Panamá asumió el control total sobre la operación y administración del Canal, así como de las áreas aledañas, en cumplimiento de los tratados suscritos en 1977 entre el jefe del gobierno panameño, general Omar Torrijos, y el presidente de Estados Unidos, James Carter.

https://micanaldepanama.com/nosotros/sobre-la-acp/mision-vision-y-valores/

 

3 Puente sobre el Canal de Panamá.
 

Con una inversión de $590.6 millones, incluyendo los accesos y el puente sobre el vertedero de Gatún, Pasando seis años de construcción la Autoridad del Canal de Panamá inauguro el 2 de agosto del 2019, el tercer puente sobre el Canal De Panamá.

With an investment of $ 590.6 million, including accesses and the bridge over the water landfill of Gatún, After six years of construction, the Panama Canal Authority inaugurated on August 2, 2019, the third bridge over the Panama Canal.